Rangkuman BIMBEL SMA/SMK/MA Kelas 12 Bahasa Inggris: Texts Form


Teks form adalah materi wajib dalam pelajaran bahasa, baik bahasa Inggris maupun bahasa Indonesia. Teks form bertujuan supaya siswa dapat mengidentifikasi berbagai teks yang disajikan dalam sebuah penulisan.

Rangkuman  BIMBEL SMA/SMK/MA Kelas 12 Bahasa Inggris: Texts Form

Kali ini kami ingin sharing teks form bahasa Inggris yang telah kami rangkum menjadi sebuah paper. Untuk paper sendiri sudah dibagikan kepada siswa-siswi akhir SMA/sederajat secara rutin tiap tahunnya sebagai panduan dalam Bimbel persiapan UAS.

1. Prosedure

Tujuan teks procedure adalah memberi petunjuk cara melakukan, menciptakan, atau membuat sesuatu melalui serangkaian tindakan atau langkah.

Polanya : goal (tujuan) – Materials (bahan-bahan yang diperlukan) – Steps (Langkah)

Contoh teks:
Taking fingerprints
Whenever you touch something, you leave slightly oily fingerprints behind. If these fingerprints are on a shiny surface, they will show up when you cover them with fine powder. In this experiment, you make carbon powder and then use it to take a friend’s fingerprints.

Here is what you should do:
  1. Toast a piece of bread until it turns black around the edges. Remember, don’t let the toast catch fire. The heat in the toaster will make the bread change into carbon
  2. Scrape the carbon off the toast into a bowl. Then, crush it with the back of a spoon to make a very fine powder.
  3. Ask a friend to run her fingers thought her hair. Then, ask her to press her fingertips on a white plastic bag. 
  4. Sprinkle carbon powder onto the fingerprints. Shake the excess powder off the bag and cover the prints with sticky tape. Your friend’s fingerprints will show up after you cover them with the fine powder.
Soal:
1. What should we do right before pressing fingertips on a white plastic bag?
a. Grind the carbon.
b. Run our fingers though our hair.  
c. Sprinkle carbon powder onto the fingerprints
d. Scrape the carbon into the plastic bag.
e. Crush the carbon with the back of a spoon

2. Below are what makes the fingerprints show up, except…
a. Because they are on a shiny surface
b. Because they are on a toaster  
c. Because you cover them with carbon powder
d. Because you cover them with fine powder
e. Because they are on a plastic bag

2. Review

Sifat struktur teks review:
  1. Orientation (Pengenalan hal yang diangkat)
  2. Interpretive recount (Ringkasan cerita, tafsir)
  3. Evaluation (Evaluasi atau penilaian)
  4. Evaluative summation (Rangkuman)
Contoh teks:
This series is based on a true story of a girl named Aya Kite who was stricken by a cruel disease called Spinicocerebeller degeneration. This disease affects Aya’s nerveous system and as the name suggests, it poses a degeneration of her movement, and will eventually affect her mobility, speech and even her ability to eat. The theme of this series is very depressing but the overall tone is very heartwarming. Aya Kite’s diary was made into a best-selling book and the series follows her sufferings as she struggles to find hope, strength and courage to face such a devastating disease.

1. What is the most suitable title for the text?
a. The Spinicocerebeller degeneration 
b. The tear jerking scenes
c. The legend of Aya Kite  
d. Aya Kite’s true story
e. Aya Kite’s sufferings

2. Which of the following statements is not true according to the text?
a. The story was based on Aya’s letters  
b. The diary was a best-seller
c. The story was based on a true story   
d. Aya was a strong girl
e. The disease is devastating  

3. Explanation

Tujuan teks explanation adalah untuk menerangkan atau menjelaskan proses-proses yang terjadi dalam pembentukkan atau kegiatan yang terkait dengan fenomena alam, dunia ilmiah, social budaya, atau lainnya.

Struktur teks Explanation:
  1. General statement (pernyataan/penjelasan umum)
  2. Sequenced explanation (Penjelasan tentang proses)
  3. Conclusion (penutup)
Contoh teks:
The amount of water on earth remains constant, but it is continually moving around earth and its atmosphere in a process called the water cycle. It exists as a liquid (water) in seas, rivers, and clouds; it freezes into a solid (ice) as snow and hail; and it also exists as an invisible gas in the air.

When the sun heats up water in rivers, lakes and seas, it changes from a liquid into a gas called water vapour. This process is known as evaporation. As the water vapour rises into the atmosphere, it cools and condenses and forms clouds. As the cloud droplets move around, they collide with each other and grow bigger. When they are heavy enough, they fall as rain, and the water flows back into rivers, lakes and seas.

1. The text is about …
a. Water
b. Water Cycle  
c. Water condensation
d. Water vapour  
e. Water Flow

2. When does water change from a liquid into a gas?
a. When the amount of water on Earth changes
b. When the sun heats up water in rivers, lakes and seas
c. When the water vapour forms tiny droplets
d. When the cloud droplets move around
e. When the droplets collide with each other

3. “it freezes into a solid (ice) as snow and hail”
The underlined word is similar to …
a. Liquid 
b. Soft 
c. Gas
d. Fluid  
e. Compact

4. Exposition

A. Analytical exposition
Tujuan teks Analytical exposition adalah untuk memaparkan dan mempengaruhi pembaca bahwa ada masalah yang perlu mendapat perhatian.

Structur teks Analytical exposition:
  1. Thesis (perrnyataan pendapat penulis)
  2. Arguments, yang terdiri dari: a. Point : pernyataan kembali argument utama dalam pengantar sebelumnya. b. Elaboration: pengembangan yang mendukung masing-masing point atau argumen 
  3. Reiteration (pernyataan kembali posis penulis)
Contoh teks:
Technique of teaching
The silent way is one of effective language teaching techniques. It is pedagogical approach to language teaching based on the premise that the teacher should be as silent as possible in the classroom (about 90% of the time). The learners, then, are encouraged to produce as much language as possible. They have much time both to be exposed to the language and to perform practice.

The learning hypothesis behind the silent way is that learning is facilitated if the learners discover or create rather than remembers and repeats what is to be learned. Also, students learn more effectively thought problem solving involving the target language. It views language learning as a creative, problem solving and discovering activity in which the learner is a principal actor rather than a bench-bound listener.

1. Which approach is supporting the silent way in language writing?
Exposing the subject   
b. Giving the students problems to solve.
c. Creating the subject   
d. Asking the students to be good listeners
e. Asking the students to act as actors

2. What is the purpose of the text?
a. To persuade the reader that something is the case
b. To critique an art work
c. To persuade the reader that something should or should not be the case
d. To explain processes
e. To present at least two points of view about an issue.

B. Hortatory exposition
Tujuan teks hortatory exposition adalah memaparkan dan mempengaruhi pembaca bahwa sesuatu seharusnya demikian atau tidak demikian.

Struktur teks hortatory exposition:
  1. Thesis : pernyataan tentang isu yang dipersoalkan
  2. Arguments: alasan adanya keprihatinan
  3. Recommendation : pernyataan tentang bagaimana seharusnya atau tidak seharusnya 
Contoh teks:
Cars should be banned in the City
Cars should be banned in the City. As we all know, cars create pollution, and cause a lot of road deaths and other accidents.

Firstly, cars, as we all know, contribute to most of the pollution in the world. Cars emit deadly gas that causes illnesses such as bronchitis, lung cancer and ‘triggers’ of asthma. Some of the illnesses are so bad that people can die from them.

Secondly, the city is very busy. Pedestrians wander everywhere and cars commonly hit Pedestrians in the city, which causes them to die. Cars today are our roads biggest killers.

Thirdly, cars are noisy, if you live in the city, you may find it hard to sleep at night, or concentrate on your homework, and especially talk to someone.

In conclusion, cars should be banned in the city for the reasons listed.

1. What does the writer think of cars?
a. They have good and bad effects  
b. they can make us comfortable
c. We cannot avoid them  
d. they help pedestrians
e. They are the roads biggest killers

2. What is the effect of the noise from the car?
a. We can sleep well  
b. We can be sick
c. We can concentrate on our homework  
d. We may be hit
e. We have difficulties talking to someone

3. “Pedestrians wander everywhere …”
What does the underlined word mean?
a. Surprise  
b. Jog slowly  
c. Ramble
d. Fill the place  
e. move slowly away from a place

5. Spoof

teks recount yang diakhiri dengna hal-hal yang tidak terduga atau lucu,

struktur teks spoof:
  1. Orientation (Pengenalan) : memberi informasi tentang pelau, tempat, dan waktu.
  2. Events : rekaman peristiwa, kejadian, atau kegiatan yang terjadi, yang biasanya disampaikan dalam urutan kronologis.
  3. Twist : bagian ahkir cerita yang lucu/tidak terduga.
Contoh teks:
a small experiment
an elderly gentlemen of 85 feared his wife was getting hard of hearing. So one day he called her doctor to make an appointment to have her hearing checked. The doctor made an appointment for a hearing test in two weeks. Meanwhile, there was a simple informal test the husband could do to give the doctor some ideas of the state of her problem.

“Here’s what you do,” said the doctor. Start out about 40 feet away from her, and in a normal conversational speaking tone, see if she hears you. If not go to 30 feet, then 20 feet, and so on until you get a response.”

That evening, the wife was in the kitchen cooking dinner, and he was in the living room. He said to himself, “I’m about 40 feet away, let’s see what happens”
Then, in a normal tone he asked, “honey what for supper?” no response.
So the husband moved to the other end of the room, about 30 feet from his wife and repeated, “Honey, what’s for supper?” still no response.

Next, he moved into the dining room when he was about20 feet from his wife and asked, “honey, , what’s for supper?”” again he got no response.
 So, he walked up to the ki5chen door, only 10 feet away. “honey, , what’s for supper?”” again there was no response.
So he walked right up behind her “honey, what’s for supper?””
Earl, for the fifth time, Chicken!

1. What is the story about?
a. doctor who had a hard-hearing patient.  
b. A patient who was hard of hearing
c. husband who tested his wife’s hearing  
d. A man who was hard-hearing
e. A doctor who had a hard-hearing wife

2. Why did the man make an appointment with the doctor?
a. Because he want to have his hearing checked
b. Because he wanted to check the doctor’s hearing
c. Because he want the doctor check his wife’s hearing
d. Because he could not communicate with people at all
e. Because he did not want to speak to his wife.

6. Recount

Teks yang digunakan untuk menceritakan pengalaman masa lalu, perjalanan hidup seseorang pada masa lalu, atau peristiwa sejarah masa lalu

Ciri-cirinya:
  1. Menggunakan kata ganti sebagai kata ganti orang, hewan tau benda yang terlibat
  2. Menggunakan actions verb (tindakan) seperti went, step see
  3. Menggunakan past tense
  4. Menggunakan kata penghubung waktu untuk mengurutkan peristiwa, misalnya when, as soon as, then etc.
  5. menggunakan kata sifat untuk menerangkan kata benda.

Contoh Teks:
I joined the traditional dance competition in Jakarta last year. I represented my school. It was my biggest competition. I practiced hard with my teacher for a month. We also prepared the best costume we had.

We only had one day in Jakarta. We went there by plane. We left at 6 a.m. and arrived in Jakarta at 7 a.m. we took a text to take us to the place where the competition was held. It took an hour to get there. There were already some contestants when we arrived. The competition would start in an hour.

First, my teacher and I went to the dressing room. My teacher helped me do the make-up and the costume. We spent almost an hour for the presentation. I told my teacher that I was really nervous. I was not ready for this. However, she told me that everything was alright, and I felt better.

Then, the time came for me to perform on stage. There were five judges and about two hundred people watching me. However, I did not feel nervous anymore. I performed on the stage confidently. I really did the best I could. I was glad when it ended well.

After that, we waited for the announcement of the result. It was 4 p.m. when the judges finished making their final decision. I was so impatient to hear the result. I still could not believe when they called my name as the first winner. I was so happy to be given the trophy. My teacher was also proud of my achievement. Finally, we went back to Yogja in the evening. We were so tired. However, we were satisfied because our effort was not useless.

1. The competition was held at …
A. 7 a.m. B.  8 a.m.  C.   9 a.m. D.  10 a.m.  E. 11 a.m.

2. “I still could not believe when they called my name as the first winner”
The synonym of the word ‘call’ is…
A. Mention  B.  Read C.  Talk about D.  Listen to E.  Pay attention to

7. Descriptive

teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan orang, tempat atau benda tertentu.

Struktur teks descriptive:
  1. Identification: Benda/orang/tempat tertentu yang dideskripsikan
  2. Description: Ciri-ciri atau hal-hal khusus tentang benda/orang/tempat yang dideskripsikan
Contoh teks:
Most people visiting America from Europe arrive by ship in New York. Some of the visitors and immigrants never go beyond New York. They never see such places as Chicago, Oklahoma and San Francisco. So the city of the New York has people of many different races. It has a large number of foreigners and one hear foreign languages being spoken on all sides.

The early settlers chose for their own island which they could easily defend. New York has grown far beyond the boundaries of this island (Manhattan), and the cost of land on the island is very expensive. For this reason, there are many very tall buildings called skyscrapers.

New York, which has a population of 8 million, is not only the largest but also the most important city in the United States. It is the Centre of business and financial activity. It is not, however, the capital of USA. The capital is Washington, in the District of Columbia, and the seat of government is there. The United States is one of the few countries in the world whose largest city is not its capital.  

8. Narrative

Teks yang berisi cerita imajinasi atau dongeng dan bertujuan untuk menghibur seseorang.
Hal-hal yang perlu diperhatikan dalam teks narrative:
  1. Orientation (pengenalan tokoh, waktu, dan tempat)
  2. Evaluation (pilihan)
  3. Complication (pengembangan konflik)
  4. Resolution (penyelesaian konflik)
  5. Re-orientation (pilihan)

Contoh teks:
Why Cats Kill Rats
Long time ago, there lived Ansa. He was the King of Calabar for fifty years. He had a very faithful cat as a housekeeper, and a rat was his house-boy. The King was an obstinate, headstrong man, but was very fond of the cat, who had been in his store for many years.

The rat, who was very poor, fell in love with one of the King’s servant girls, but was unable to give her any presents as he had no money.

At last he thought of the king’s store. So, in the night-time, being quite small, he had a little difficulty, having made a hole in the roof, in getting into the store. He than stole corn and native pears, and presented them to his sweetheart.

At the end of the month, when the cat had to render her account of the things in the store to the king, it found that a lot of corn and native pears were missing. The king was very angry at this, and asked the cat for an explanation. However, the cat could not account for the loss until one of her friends told her that the rat had been stealing the corn and giving it to the girl.

When the cat told the king, he called the girl before him and had her flogged. The rat he handed over to the cat to deal with, and dismissed them both from his service. The cat was so angry at this that she killed and ate the rat, and ever since that time whenever a cat sees a rat, she kills and eats it.

9. News Item

Tujuan teks news item adalah memberitakan kepada pembaca tentang peristiwa-peristiwa atau kejadian sehari-hari yang di anggap penting atay layak diberitakan.

Struktur teks news item:
  1. Newsworthy: kejadian inti
  2. Background events: latar belakang yang meliputi elaborasi kejadian, orang yang terlibat, tempat kejadian, dan sebagainya.
  3. Sources: Sumber informasi yang meliputi komentar saksi kejadian, pendapat para ahli, dan sebagainya.
10. Report

Menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu apa adanya, sebagai hasil pengamatan sistematis dan analisis

Struktur teks report
  1. General classification :menerangkan subjek laporan, keterangan, dan klasifikasinya
  2. Description : yang meliputi bagian, kualitas, kebiasaan atau tingkah laku (makhluk hidup), keguaan (kata benda).


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